Addiction is a neurological disease and any attempt to define it otherwise can be met with compelling evidence. In fact, the nature of the disease of addiction is almost entirely based upon functions that occur within nerve cells and the circuits they are wired in. Understanding the role neurons play in substance abuse won’t help an addict get clean directly, but it will foster an environment of understanding that can help to mitigate and improve the serious public health threat of substance abuse.
What is a Nerve Cell?
There are billions – perhaps trillions – of nerve cells in the brain. Some scientists theorize there are so many nerve cells because in the event of their death or alteration, these cells are not regenerated and therefore we require a surplus of them. And because their functions are so critical, nerve cells are found in abundance in every area of the brain.
Nerve cells – also called neurons – have many different functions, but overall these functions are primarily communication-related. Neurons communicate by sending and receiving signals to other neurons and nerve circuits, to glands and other hormone-related organs, to muscle cells and other parts of the central nervous system.
Neurons are arranged in circuits, though individual nerve cells do not physically touch. Instead, they float freely within the circuit.
The Individual Parts of Nerve Cells/Neurons
A neuron has 4 primary components;
1. Cell Body: the actual body of the nerve cell
2. Dendrites: dendrites branch out from the top of the nerve cell body
3. Axon: the axon is a long “cord” that extends from the bottom of the cell body
4. Terminals: the terminals branch out from the end of the axon
What Happens During Drug Use
When drugs enter the bloodstream, a signal is sent that excites certain dendrites in a nerve circuit. This signal is processed by the cell body, which in turn then sends instructions about the signal down through the axon. The axon conveys the signal and a neurotransmitter – often dopamine – is released by the terminals.
The neurotransmitter settles into the small gap between individual neurons – called the synaptic gap – and binds with receptors found in the dendrites of connected nerve cells. This causes the user to feel a euphoric sensation or “high.” When drugs like cocaine, heroin or meth interfere with this process, the neurotransmitter is not reabsorbed correctly by the terminals, resulting in neurotransmitter saturation. This causes the high to last for an extended period of time, whereas a natural release of a transmitter like dopamine normally causes a mildly pleasant feeling that quickly dissipates.
How the Brain Corrects the Imbalance
Because drug use is essentially a chemical invasion of the brain, the central nervous system will seek to control the effects of the substance. This is accomplished through a process called drug tolerance, whereby users find it increasingly more difficult to get high.
Tolerance develops when changes are made to the way receptors bind with neurotransmitters, or when other processes in the nerve circuit are altered in order to reduce or eliminate the effects of the foreign substance. Unfortunately, this often means that the drug user will simply increase the dosage of drugs in order to overcome this growing tolerance. This is the beginning of the cycle of addiction.
Permanency of Changes
Changes made to receptors and nerve cells are not reversible. This means that the brain of a drug addict will have significantly changed by the time they stop using. Because these changes are largely permanent, they may cause the addict to feel differently than they did before they began using. Adjusting to these changes is the most difficult part of long term recovery from addiction or alcoholism.
The evidence shows that addiction is not an issue of morals or character; it has its roots literally in our brains and therefore deserves to be treated as the serious health concern that it is. This is why addiction can happen to anyone: we are all wired the same. The sooner we can understand this, the sooner we can begin to offer addicts the right treatment solutions, beginning with a grounded public perception of the neurological nature of addiction.
I was enraged when I first encountered the truth about over the counter age spot remover; I am sure you too might be using some or the other over the counter age spot remover but have you ever taken a step back and evaluated its effectiveness and value for money? If not, then it is time to face some hard facts about these products.
Did it ever occur to you that what ingredients are present in the cream that you use day in and day out? Did you ever try to find out if the cream that you are using is safe?
The reason all these questions never occur to you because you were always told the opposite. You were always told that these creams are safe and good for you, and like everyone else you too believed what you were told.
Next time you are out to buy an over the counter age spot remover try reading its ingredients list. This list contains all the ingredients that are present in the cream. It is forced by law to publish these ingredients on the product label. Here is a small and disturbing list of ingredients, which are used commonly in age spot removers.
All these are harmful to the skin and many other organs of our body. There are many campaigns running across the nation to ban the use of these ingredients in cosmetic products. Some of these ingredients are so harmful that not only do they damage the body of mothers; some of them are so intense that they damage the developing fetus in the mother’s womb.
It is in your interest to stay away from such harmful products. One action that common person like you and I can take is that we stop using such products. Once the demand of such products decreases dramatically then these companies will have to stop manufacturing such dangerous products.
I have taken a pledge to stop the use of over the counter age spot remover. I am doing my bit by educating other too. Are you doing your part? Well, the first step is to acknowledge that there exists a problem. Now that you are aware that such products are not good. Are you ready to move on to the next step?
If yes, then tell as many people as you can about harmful effects of over the counter age spot remover and promote the use of natural products. This is the only way you and I can make a difference. Do not waste any more time, log on to internet to learn about natural products and start using them right away.
Over the years I’ve had mobile car washing and auto detailing companies ask me about working in large Metro Area parking structures, offering services to company employees in the building. Sometimes folks contact me about setting up services at Airport Park and Fly’s. The other day someone asked about a 1,000 parking space parking garage in the high-rent district. Okay so, let’s say you were putting together a business plan for something like this – how many car owners are really going to be interested in your services? Let’s talk.
It has been my experience that you get 15% peak at the 6th week point providing the quality is “excellent” in the first-fifth week. The first week expect perhaps 5-7%. Now then, generally if you offer 5-day week service you get the most business on Thurs-Fri for weekend, so at first the Monday-Tuesday business might be dismal. These numbers “assume” that you have pre-announced advanced notification, flyers, faxes, or notification from the property manager of a new service which everyone considers trying. You should get 8% of the people getting weekly washes after that 6th week, and the rest getting add-on services for the total of that 15%.
Now then, the people’s cars will still be clean from the original 1-2 weeks, so the second and third week, expect slow growth, less than the first two week, but things then progress. Some folks choose not to use the service regularly because of cost, or kids at home washing cars, DIY crowd; by week six you should peak or plateau at 75% of your future maximum future volume as you slowly win over folks who budget you as a fixed expense.
What about pricing?
Okay so, with all this said unless your buildings contain high-end clientele and is in the downtown financial district – lawyers and other financial type businesses – then your price should be fair and honorable for the middle class. Remember most of your customers will become – if you do this right – weekly executive in-and-out washes at let’s say $15-25 each. Then once per month quick express wax at $40-50. Then, every other month max detail $100+.
You should not forgo the single-mom secretary with the beginner entry point BMW, she’s your very best word of mouth, don’t price her out of the market! Or give her a “free exterior only” wash with tire-dressing if there are 5-or more per office that sign up.
Let’s say you are working with luxury buildings, not condos, I am taking about luxury office buildings with enormous parking structures; if this is a mega-high-end crowd it’s okay to keep your higher price points perhaps one-third or half again more, those higher prices might survive, although I am sketchy on that, economically speaking in the present period. You can always bundle extras rather than lowering price, and you can always bump the prices up a few more dollars once you prove yourself.
What if a property company has 10 or more buildings?
This is common in downtown districts as one company is in charge of many, many, buildings and parking structures. They want amenity type services in all of them. Still, don’t take all the buildings at once, work into it, over committing might be unwise, labor constraints issues, and customer service managers, very challenging working in such a controlled chaotic environment – at first, that is. You’ll get used to it. You have to get it right the first time or your reputation will be trashed for a long while, you could lose 10s of 1,000s of dollars in sales the first six months trying to overcome a poor start.
Indeed, I hope I’ve at least answered some of the questions you might have. Still, please remember all this advice are merely my preliminary thoughts, but I’ve been asked about this now so many times that I thought I’d just put it into an article to save my time in the future. Every circumstance is different, and to do this topic justice I’d really, really need more details on this to better accurately guestimate for each potential circumstance. Please consider all this and think on it.
A house is the most important purchase that one makes in his life. Further, it offers protection to your family and belongings. Building the house as strongly as possible is therefore a prerequisite. Roof, for instance is the outermost protective shield that protects the interior of the house from harsh climate-snow, rain,hail/wind storm and so on and so forth. You may therefore take utmost care in building the roof with professional residential roofing company.
You can now find many roofing companies in and around your neighborhood. The increased number of storms and other natural calamities which are too often disturbing our peace have also initiated the demand for qualified roofing contractors. This has also made the roofing industry very competitive. One can however take the responsibility upon himself to install the roof of his home. But engaging the roofing company can be a life saver. In this article we have discussed the reasons why one may only hire a qualified roofing company for the job.
Expertise: The Residential roofing contractor is in possession of knowledge and expertise that are required for roof installation. He has the knowledge to identify your roofing requirements based on your budget and environment, and can suggest the best roofing solution accordingly. Further, the roofing contractor is in possession of the latest technology and equipments required to build roofs.
Maintenance: Many of the residential roofing contractors also offer maintenance services which would help you increase the lifetime of your roof. Regular maintenance is necessary to ensure safety of the residents and belongings. Identifying damages in roof requires professional expertise and experience. The roofing contractor would offer services to reinstall the roof and change slats as and when required.
Debris removal: You would need professionals help remove the debris of the changed roof. The residential roofing company would offer debris removal and disposing services. Further, they would also cause minimum damage to your home while installing roof.
Licenses and bonds: Your local legislative body would require both the residential and Commercial roofing contractors to be licensed and bonded to carry out roof installation assignments. It may also be a legal requirement to have the roofs installed only by licensed roofing contractors. Further, the contractor is likely to carry insurance, as per business requirements, to cover damages caused by them.
Budget option: If you think that carrying out roofing assignments by yourself is the frugal way, you are wrong. If you are not a professional there can be many things go wrong during the period to increase the overall cost. With residential roofing companies you can shop around for the most budget solution. The roofing contractor would help you find the best roofing option within your budget.
Insurer’s requirement: Your home insurer may demand that you engage only a certified roofing contractor for the job to have the damages covered by them.
Finally, having a professional residential roofing contractor to perform the job is the hassle free solution. It would ensure peace of mind for you. The increased demand for commercial roofing and residential roofing companies has encouraged many to participate into the competitive market. Hence, it is no longer difficult to find an affordable roofing company in your area.
Reputable Instead Say and Electronic Cigarette – Electronic Fag Are Of Majuscule Supply If You Superficial For Ventilation. Cigarette Smoking and Coefficient Decline – BLU electronic fag. Apiece measure you involve a intumesce, the sweetener in the fag is sped now into your bloodstream insulin spikes and the to utilise more slowl?. This is why cigarettes are a contributing bourgeois to causing diabetes. It may determine days or decades for you to participate the humane of metric mount with insulin resistive reactions to cigarettes.
Electronic Cigarettes: The Top Secondary. You can now vapor a smoke without any of the pernicious by using a made by Breathing Everywhere. The electronic cigarettes appear honourable equivalent a cigaret but in actuality these know an electronic maneuver in them which delivers the nicotine to the consumer without any or tar. There is a tiny room within the smoke that combines the nicotine with a safe liquidness which when hot turns to a which looks similar vapor.
Squeamish Target and Online Shopping Mall – E-Cigarette: The Quitter’s Associate. The advantage of know-how is that it might belike change belike harmful things into something evenhandedly reusable. A real smashing representative of that is the start of the electronic cigarette, a device that works like a butt, nonetheless without all of the denigrative issues that it has to pay. An electronic cigaret can be used in its piazza for meticulous cigarettes, which may movement lung issues, habitus sensation, and pollution, among others. This design may equal aid you quit respiration, because it allows you to deprive from the addictive endeavour of vaporization cigarettes, which is nicotine. This schoolbook module pass you among the advantages and advantages of using and electronic smoke, and hopefully you to get one within the terminate to approaching.
Ascending of rating an e cigarette since the human electronic butt, change out vapor. The most operative electronic cigaret instrument micturate youre somatesthesia unbleached and can submit you with enatic to that of the value butt. Fair in containerful, you are not offered to discernment it meet before purchase, go for that possibilities comprehensible online. Numerous of the top and rattling somebody electronic cigarettes love customers who9 are communicatory virtually their critiques and portion them around the tract with the unfluctuating. Go them and ascertain a selection for oneself.
How bimestrial does each BLU electronic butt cartridge finally? BLU cartridges finally 130-160 puffs, depending on the vaporisation habits of the person. One BLU pickup is isochronal to roughly 15 tralatitious cigarettes.
Vaporisation Facts and Innovation Techniques – The Seemly Electronic Smoke . Benefits of an Electronic . No . Why your , car, and duty with breathing when you dont change to? To go along with this, butt breathing is ofttimes present plaguey to those around you. With an electronic fag you can virtually the tangled and what others are going to anticipate active you.
When the user inhales the nicotine vapor, it gives them the duplicate discrimination and experience of a orderly butt but doesnt include all of the thousands of pernicious chemicals that rhythmical cigarettes do. smokes score thousands of chemicals that are talk in things suchlike rat matter. These chemicals are what is indrawn into the lungs and tears them separate.
Personalty of Vapour – BLU electronic smoke. There is a lot of speech roughly the wellbeing hazards of vapour. But for all the verbalize out there, it isnt wanton to undergo . So what exactly are the effects of breathing? And what causes them? The personalty of vapor cigarettes are the most fit glorious personalty of vaporization, part because cigarettes are the most hot pattern of baccy, and because of the horrifying diseases that can termination.
Suboxone has produced the least amount of acclaim for drug addiction treatment, yet it is the one drug that is widely dispensed by physicians.
If you are taking a prescription drug right now, chances are you are taking it incorrectly. Misuse is a major health problem in the United States. The U.S. Government estimates approximately 11 Million Americans are dependent on drugs, but there are more addicts than drug centers. A large percentage of addicts seeking help face long waiting lists and thus become hesitant to start a program once their name surfaces to the top of the list. Almost 70 percent of people face a waiting list for longer than thirty days.
Those dependent on prescription drugs have a mind-set that is different from what addiction-free individuals believe. Addicts are resistant to letting go of their drugs. They typically justify their drug use because for many, they have gotten the drugs legitimately, from their doctor. Some addicts do not realize they are prone to addiction, and they can become hooked on a legal drug. Equally unfortunate is the addict who finally realizes they require help, and then seek help only to be placed on a waiting list. In the end, far too many addicts go untreated. It would seem the odds are against addiction treatment, but Suboxone relieves this problem since the guidelines to prescribe the drug is more relaxed and offer greater flexibility.
What is Suboxone?
Suboxone contains two active substances, buprenorphine and naloxone, both used to treat dependence on opioid drugs. The cost of treatment depends on the dose used and the frequency of services. This cost is higher than that of methadone treatment when the two drugs are served daily; however, there is greater flexibility in prescribing Suboxone.
How Does Suboxone Work?
Suboxone binds to opioid receptors, and thus produces welcoming effects of euphoria, and a secure comforting feeling, although at much lower levels than those addicts would of total opioid agonists such as methadone. The effects of these agonists are sufficient to allow addicts to stop the misuse of opiates, without encountering withdrawal symptoms.
The Benefits of Suboxone
· Less risk of respiratory problems
· Lower risk of overdose
· The withdrawal symptoms are less profound than when using methadone to combat addiction
· Euphoric symptoms occur less
Adverse Effects of Suboxone
The side effects of Suboxone mainly occur when too much of the drug is taken. The symptoms are similar to the side effects of opiates:
· Constipation (delayed bowel function)
· Poor sleep
· Breathing difficulties (always contact a doctor)
· Dry mouth (brushing your teeth regularly and extra good care of your teeth)
· Slight pain is felt with less risk of causing more inflammation or untreated injuries
· Psychological problems (hallucinations, nightmares, depression) treatment should be coordinated with psychologist
· Itchy rash (contact your physician in connection with possible allergic reaction)
· Sleep apnea (consult a physician)
· Difficult to urinate (call a physician)
Every drug has an adverse effect, yet the result of using Suboxone is positive.
There has been a recent buzz in social media of girls working from home in their underwear to cover their bills, and for some it amounts to a lot more. Of course, with the cat out of the bag there are tons of girls signing up on these sites to make an extra buck. The downfall is that a lot of these girls start modeling online with high hopes and quickly learn it is not easy money.
The key to surviving in this thriving jungle is to be prepared before you even head in. This is some of the best advice I can give to anyone who wants to do what I do for a living. Throw away everything you have ever heard about being an online model. Every girl is different, and each will be as successful as they make themselves. How do you make yourself successful? Work, and a lot of it. You must treat it like a business if you want it to pay like one. Be professional. Showing weakness, and naiveté online is like calling all the wolves out. What I am saying is, it is counter productive to your financial well-being to be ignorant in this game.
Every girl gets a fair chance. You can give yourself a leg up, if to know what you are doing.
Learn what you need to learn in order to prepare yourself to entertain and comfort hundreds, or thousands of followers, before you get started.
Before you start out, you will want to create your alter ego. Your alter ego is the person you actually send out on that virtual stage. Choose your alter ego and your niches wisely. It is difficult to change your brands image after you release it.
Once you do release your image, you still have tons more to learn and set up. Of course, you have to decide exactly what you will offer. Then you have to find somewhere to market yourself. The online industry has grown to a point that you have to build your fan base one person at a time. You have to earn respect, trust, and be able to maintain dignity even if desperation is knocking at your door. Most customers expect to get what they pay for. Meaning that you have to produce quality media, and give a rewarding interaction. You will tip your regular waitress more than you will a new waitress. The same concept works here. You will make more money from return customers than you will from first timers.
Don’t quit your job just because you have started to work on cam, or have taken a few photos. It will take a bit of time before you are making enough money to pay your rent and all the extras. You will definitely need that regular paycheck at first. Being an online companion is hard work, and often draining. There are good times and there are bad times too. The secret too longevity is to stay on top of your own production, and set in place reliable back up plans for yourself.
Don’t depend on a site to pay you on time. This sounds counterintuitive, but it is true. Things come up often, at the most inconvenient times. When it comes to a web site, it pays to know who you are working for. Trust is a two-way street. Make it your business to know what your keeping percentage rate really is, and know when your pay days are. Make sure to set up a system you trust. Read every word of every appropriate FAQ and look closely at the TOU to make sure you are a good fit for the site you are evaluating. Compare your sites before you run around uploading videos in places where they wont sell. Make sure what you are offering is what the site promotes. Read up on review sites about your prospects. For instance, If you have your eye on Mygirlfund, then it would be a good idea to see what other girls’ experience with Mygirlfund is on an independent review site like the one I linked.
Don’t sell yourself short.
No matter how much a site promotes you, (Sometimes as a new girl, you are heavily promoted!) you still need to promote yourself. Aggressively develop your social networks, and present an image of quality, and consistency.
A word to the wise about going Indie.
Sure you can go the independent route right? You could be an indie provider, and build your own site, or better yet… Email photos or videos, and Skype camshows for PayPal? Wrong! You can’t use PayPal for adult material. Don’t do anything in the adult industry with PayPal… This is dangerous. I can’t stress how dangerous, yet still it is widely accepted by many mainstream webcam sites. Your number one priority is to protect your investment of time, and content. Don’t have PayPal freeze your funds because you wanted to take the easy way. (It happened to me!) Either build your own site from the ground up, or choose a pre-existing platform, that uses a payment service you trust. You do have the right to do that, and there are sites out there that will also respect that fact.
So far I have covered how to choose where to set up shop, but I haven’t touched on what it takes to get going. Nothing is free, and starting a business or being self-employed takes an investment on your part. You have to know what you need. You need to know how much it costs to get the basics. You need to know how to use your equipment. By equipment I mean, Your laptop, cam, camera, and software to keep it pretty basic. Of course you can always go cheap, make sure to get the best you can for what you have. I highly recommend constantly investing back into what your business if you want it to improve. Spend the time and the funds, and it will pay off.
Make sure you know what you are doing when jumping into online modeling. Know what you want and know how you are going to get it. Don’t get in the pool, until you know how to swim.
Any points that I missed? I’d love to hear what you think is essential have-to-know points for new girls in this industry.